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Full text of "Annual Evaluation Report Fiscal Year 1984"

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II.    RESPONSE TO GEPA 417(a)   (Continued)

based on the total funds awarded to local districts divided by the number
of LEP students served.

Students Served« In FY 1984? 564 Basic grants were awarded to districts
to serve about 229,980 LEP and 45,739 non-LEP students speakiny more than
90 different languages. Under the Demonstration Projects program, 49
projects in 23 States were funded to serve about 16,349 students speakiny
20 different languages. Thirty percent of the projects served fewer than
200 students, 34 percent enrolled from 200-399 students, and 36 percent
served 400 or more students.

Student Coverage: Considerations of whether the program serves all elig-
ible children depends on how many children need Dilingual education.
Programs funded by State and local education agencies must also be counted.
For the 1983-84 school year, Title VII reported serving 159,900 children in
564 Basic Projects and 15,850 students in 49 Demonstration Projects.
Additional federally funded bilingual education and English as a second
language (ESL) services were provided under Title I, ESEA. Services were
also provided by the Refugee Assistance Act to 93,920 children (see
f                             Chapter 203) and the ECIA Chapter 1 Migrant program (see Chapter 102,

*                            language services unknown).

In 1983, 22 States and American Samoa had legislation that either mandated
t                            bilingual education for LEP students or services for instructing LEP

persons. In 1983, State expenditures for instructional services to LEP
4                            students were approximately $223 million. States provided special language

'                             instructional services to an estimated 925,000 LEP students in 1983 (El).

t                            Eligibility for Title VII Assistance.    According  to  the  Act,   limited  Eng-
lish proficient   students   are   eligible   for   Title   VII   assistance.     Title

T                            VII, ESEA defines   "limited English proficiency"  to mean an  individual   who

^                             was  not  born  in the United  States   or  whose native language is  other than

4                             English; who  comes  from a  home  environment  in which a   language  other than

*                            English is   most    relied   upon   for   communication;    or   who   is   an   American

*                             Indian or Alaskan  native and comes  from an environment in which a language
t                            other than  English   has   had   a   significant   impact   on   his   or   her   level   of

English language proficiency and who, "by reason thereof" has sufficient
4                            difficulty in understanding, speaking, reading, and writing the English

language to   deny   the   individual   the   opportunity  to  learn  successfully   in

class rooms where the language of instruction is English. Local districts
4                            in which such students are enrolled are eligible to apply for Title VII

assistance.    Title    VII    grants    are    awarded    on    a    discretionary    basis.


Identifying such   children   has   turned   out   to   be   difficult.     The   English

Language Proficiency    Survey    of   1982   is    the   Departmentss   most    current

^                            population survey of children with limited English proficiency. Preliminary

*                             results  indicate   that   the   number   of   children   aged  5-14   who   come  from a
i                            non-English language background and are therefore language minority